100 S. Jefferson St. | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society

National or State Registers Record

100 S. Jefferson St.

National or State Register of Historic Places
100 S. Jefferson St. | National or State Registers Record | Wisconsin Historical Society
Historic Name:Brown County Courthouse
Reference Number:76000053
Location (Address):100 S. Jefferson St.
City/Village:Green Bay
Brown County Courthouse
100 South Jefferson Street, Green Bay, Brown County
Date of construction: 1908-1911
Architect: Charles E. Bell

In 1911, an eastern newspaper wrote that Brown County's newly constructed courthouse was the "grandest courthouse in the west". With impressive architecture and interesting art, it is no wonder that the press praised the building by Minneapolis based architect, Charles E. Bell, who also designed the capitols of Montana and South Dakota.

The three-story courthouse is of the Beaux Arts style which was popular prior to World War I. Beaux Arts buildings display more elaborate ornamentation than pure Neoclassical structures, although both draw inspiration from classical architecture. The courthouse, faced with Marquette raindrop stone, has a copper-covered dome, bell, and clock tower which houses an original Seth Thomas clock.

The art displayed at the Brown County Courthouse is as impressive as its architecture. In 1910, Milwaukee based artist Franz Rohrbeck painted various murals inside the courthouse. One depicted the landing of Jean Nicolet, the area¿s first European explorer, in 1634. Other murals depict battles, the American military base at Fort Howard, and the arrival of missionary Father Claude Allouez in the company of an Indian Chief. He painted the dome with the themes Justice, Agriculture, Commerce, and Industry. A statue depicting French explorer Nicolas Perrot, Jesuit missionary Father Claude Allouez, and a Native American stands just outside the courthouse. Sculptor Sidney Bedore completed this sculpture, "Spirit of the Northwest," in 1922.

Green Bay is where Wisconsin's first Europeans settled. Originally home to Woodland Indian tribes, the first Europeans came to the area via the Fox River in 1634. Soon thereafter, many French voyagers, fur trappers, and Jesuit missionaries came to what they called "La Baie des Puants" (The Bay of the Stinking Water) and "La Baie Verte"(Green Bay). By the late 1840s, when Wisconsin became a state, the lumber trade started to prosper in Green Bay. It was at this time that many Belgian, German, Scandinavian, Irish, and Dutch immigrants settled to farm the fertile soil of the area. Today the paper industry flourishes in Green Bay.

The Courthouse is open to the public during regular business hours.

Period of Significance:1900-1924
Area of Significance:Architecture
Area of Significance:Art
Applicable Criteria:Architecture/Engineering
Historic Use:Government: Courthouse
Architectural Style:Beaux Arts
Resource Type:Building
Historic Status:Listed in the National Register
Historic Status:Listed in the State Register
National Register Listing Date:01/01/1976
State Register Listing Date:01/01/1989
Number of Contributing Buildings:1
Number of Contributing Sites:0
Number of Contributing Structures:0
Number of Contributing Objects:1
Number of Non-Contributing Sites:0
Number of Non-Contributing Structures:0
Number of Non-Contributing Objects:0
National Register and State Register of Historic Places, State Historic Preservation Office, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

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