Glass Used by Teddy Roosevelt after Assassination Attempt | Wisconsin Historical Society

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Glass Used by Teddy Roosevelt after Assassination Attempt

Wisconsin Historical Museum Object – Feature Story

Glass Used by Teddy Roosevelt after Assassination Attempt | Wisconsin Historical Society

Water glass used by Theodore Roosevelt just after he was shot by a would-be assassin in Milwaukee, 1912.
(Museum object #1954.291)

EnlargeRoosevelt glass

Roosevelt glass, 1912

Source: Wisconsin Historical Museum object #1954.291

EnlargeTeddy Roosevelt in a touring car

Teddy Roosevelt in a touring car, 1910

Teddy Roosevelt (highlighted at right) in a touring car on a visit to Milwaukee in 1910. Two years later Roosevelt was standing in a car much like this one when he was shot by John Schrank, who stood approximately the same distance from Roosevelt as the man in the foreground of this image. Source: Photo by J. Robert Taylor, Milwaukee Journal. View the original source document: WHI 34909

EnlargeRoosevelt X-ray image

Roosevelt X-ray image

X-ray image of the bullet lodged in Roosevelt's chest. This image was taken at Milwaukee's Johnston Emergency Hospital shortly after Roosevelt's speech. Doctors decided to leave the bullet in place rather than risk surgery. Source: The Attempted Assassination of Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt.

EnlargeJohn Schrank

John Schrank

Portrait of John Schrank taken while Schrank was in custody following his assassination attempt on Roosevelt. Source: The Attempted Assassination of Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt

On the night of October 14, 1912, Theodore Roosevelt was addressing 9,000-12,000 people in Milwaukee Auditorium when he stopped to take a drink of water from this glass. Nearby doctors took this opportunity to advise the former president to stop talking. Roosevelt was pushing himself with no heed to the fact that lodged in his chest was a bullet that had been fired by a would-be assassin earlier that evening.

Roosevelt was in Milwaukee on the presidential campaign trail, stumping as the candidate of the new, independent Progressive Party, which had split from the Republican Party earlier that year. Roosevelt already had served two terms as chief executive (1901-1909), but his dissatisfaction with his chosen successor William Taft had led him to seek the office again as the champion of progressive reform, much to the dismay of his progressive rival, Wisconsin's own Senator Robert M. La Follette, Sr., Roosevelt's Progressive Party had been dubbed the "Bull Moose Party" after the candidate's proclaimed vigor and strength.

Unbeknownst to Roosevelt, a New York bartender had been stalking him for three weeks through eight states by the time he arrived in Milwaukee. Intent on killing the candidate and having missed several opportunities to do so, John Schrank saw his chance when Roosevelt left Milwaukee's Hotel Gilpatrick for his speaking engagement at the auditorium. As his touring car prepared to depart, the ex-president stood to wave to the gathered crowd and Schrank fired the .38-caliber revolver he had hidden in his coat. The crowd pounced on Schrank and as policemen apprehended him, Roosevelt tried to calm the throng.

On the way to the auditorium, Roosevelt's aides realized that he had been hit in the right side of the chest. Seeing the blood on his shirt, vest, and coat, they pleaded with him to seek medical help, but Roosevelt trivialized the wound and insisted on keeping his engagement. Fortunately, Roosevelt's life was spared by the contents of his breast pocket -- his metal spectacle case and the thick, folded manuscript of his speech -- which absorbed much of the force of the bullet.

When Roosevelt appeared before the crowd at Milwaukee Auditorium, the chairman of the Progressive Party speakers' bureau, Henry Cochems, announced that the candidate had been shot. Roosevelt confirmed the news by opening his vest and the assemblage was stunned. He made light of the wound throughout his eighty-minute speech, declaring at one point, "It takes more than one bullet to kill a Bull Moose."

Following the engagement, Roosevelt was rushed to Milwaukee's Johnston Emergency Hospital, where an X-ray confirmed that the bullet had lodged in his chest wall. At 12:30 the next morning, Roosevelt boarded a train for Chicago's Mercy Hospital, where doctors conducted further tests. Seeing that the bullet posed no threat to internal organs, they decided to leave the bullet where it was; Roosevelt carried the bullet inside him the rest of his life.

The candidate returned to the campaign trail after his release from the hospital on October 21. Two weeks later, the split between Republicans and Progressives assured Democrat Woodrow Wilson of victory in the presidential election. Roosevelt came in second, ahead of Taft.

Not so ironically, Roosevelt had become president in 1901 upon the assassination of William McKinley. This incident was a principal motivation for Schrank's attempt on Roosevelt's life. Schrank claimed that McKinley's ghost had appeared to him in a dream, fingering Roosevelt as his murderer and instructing Schrank to avenge his death. Additionally, Schrank claimed that it was his patriotic duty to prevent Roosevelt from serving a third term as president.

As Schrank awaited trial, psychiatrists examined him and recommended that he be committed to an asylum. A judge concurred and Schrank spent the remainder of his life incarcerated, first at the Northern Hospital for the Insane in Oshkosh, then at Central State Hospital for the criminally insane at the state prison at Waupun. As he was taken by train to Oshkosh on November 25, 1912, Schrank gazed at the Wisconsin countryside and someone asked him if he liked to hunt. He replied, "Only Bull Moose."

Learn More

Read 'The Attempted Assassination of Theodore Roosevelt'

A more extensive reminisence of Roosevelt's ordeal and speech that appeared several years after his death published in the "Racine Journal"

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[Sources: Remey, Oliver E., Henry F. Cochems, and Wheeler P. Bloodgood, "The Attempted Assassination of Ex-President Theodore Roosevelt" (Milwaukee: The Progressive Publishing Company, 1912); Gores, Stan. "The Attempted Assassination of Teddy Roosevelt," "Wisconsin Magazine of History", 53:4 (Summer 1970).]

Posted on October 13, 2005